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Policies, Workplace Requirements and Disciplinary Proceedings

Illegal or abusive use of drugs or alcohol can adversely affect the educational environment and prevent a person from achieving personal, social and educational goals. The University has had a Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Program for faculty, staff and students since 1987 that addresses substance abuse through education and, when appropriate, through referral or disciplinary action. Since then, the Drug Free Workplace Act of 1988, the Drug Free Schools and Communities Amendments of 1989 and the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990 have established certain federal reporting and information distribution requirements designed to combat drug and alcohol abuse. Additional information, including information about local, state and federal penalties related to drug and alcohol use can be found in the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Program report.

The University’s Alcohol Policy establishes rules on student and employee alcohol use and possession, additional rules for recognized student groups and University consequences for violations of those rules. In North Carolina, “It is against the law for any person under twenty-one (21) to possess, use, distribute, or purchase any alcoholic beverage.” The Alcohol Policy also restricts the possession, use and distribution of alcohol by students and employees over age 21 on University property and as part of University activities. It provides guidance on serving alcohol at events on campus and restricts the service of alcohol in accordance with North Carolina law. Further, the policy also contains a medical amnesty provision.
All students, faculty and staff are responsible for knowing about and complying with the Illegal Drugs Policy. Those responsibilities include being aware of and complying with state laws that make it a crime to possess, use, sell, deliver or manufacture drugs designated collectively as “controlled substances” in Article 5 of Chapter 90 of the North Carolina General Statutes. These substances include cocaine, amphetamines, anabolic steroids, marijuana and other drugs. Any University community member who violates those laws may be subject both to criminal prosecution and punishment by civil authorities and to disciplinary proceedings by the University. Copies of the full text of the policy are available through the Division of Student Affairs, the Office of Human Resources and online.

Federal legislation also requires, as a condition of employment, that any faculty, staff member or student assistant engaged in the performance of a federal grant or contract must abide by the University’s drug policy and, if he or she is convicted of a violation of any criminal drug statute in the workplace, must give written notice of that conviction to the appropriate dean, director or department chair within five days thereafter. The dean, director or chair should forward any such reports to the University’s vice chancellor and general counsel.

Disciplinary proceedings against a student, faculty or staff member, or other employee will be initiated under the University’s Illegal Drugs Policy. Possible penalties for violations of the Illegal Drugs Policy range from written warnings with probationary status to expulsion from enrollment and discharge from employment. On-the-job drug or alcohol impairment or any possession or use of alcohol on campus other than that authorized by the policies noted above are not permitted under these policies and will be addressed appropriately through established student, faculty and staff disciplinary procedures.

Amphetamines, Cocaine, GHB, Heroin, LSD, MDMA, Opium, Oxycodone, or Psilocybin

  • Sale of Amphetamines, cocaine, GHB, heroin, LSD, MDMA, opium, oxycodone, or psilocybin:
    • Student expulsion and employee discharge.
  • Illegal possession of of Amphetamines, cocaine, GHB, heroin, LSD, MDMA, opium, oxycodone, or psilocybin:
    • First offense: suspension from enrollment or employment for at least one semester.
      • Because the Illegal Drugs Policy requires, at a minimum, a longer suspension without pay than State Personnel Commission regulations allow, the penalty for a first offense committed by an SHRA employee is discharge.
    • Second offense: sanctions up to expulsion for students and discharge for employees.

Anabolic Steroids or Marijuana

  • Sale of anabolic steroids or marijuana:
    • First offense: suspension from enrollment or employment for at least one semester.
      • Because of State Personnel Commission rules, SHRA employees will be discharged.
    • Second offense: student expulsion and employee discharge.
  • Illegal possession of anabolic steroids or marijuana:
    • First offense: Probation. Possible conditions of probation include drug education and counseling, regular drug testing and other appropriate conditions.
      • If a student or employee fails to comply with probation conditions: Suspension for the balance of the probation period.
      • Because of State Personnel Commission rules, if the balance of an SHRA employee’s probation period exceeds one work week, he/she will be discharged.
    • Subsequent offenses: progressively more severe penalties, including expulsion and discharge.

Violations of the Alcohol Policy

  • Disciplinary action up to and including termination for employees.
  • Students will be referred to Wellness Services for Tar Heel (BASICS) and may be required to pay restitution or complete community service.
    • BASICS is a preventive alcohol abuse intervention program for college students 18 to 24 years old. It is aimed at students who have had negative experiences or other problems related to alcohol misuse. The program is designed to help students make better alcohol-use decisions and to overall reduce their risks for alcohol-related harm. The program’s style is not confrontational or judgmental and consists of two sessions with a Student Wellness staff member. Students who enroll in BASICS are assessed a fee for service that is charged to the student’s account. Students who violate the Alcohol Policy will also be subject to disciplinary probation for a definite or indefinite period, including probation with associated conditions or requirements. Probation means that a student may remain at the University but may be required to satisfy specified conditions or requirements, report regularly to appropriate University officials or community professionals and may be barred from holding any office or participating in any activity in which the student represents the University or University-recognized student organizations either within or outside the University community. The sanction of probation prohibits graduation until the period of probation has ended and the student has complied with all requirements of the sanctions. Disciplinary probation shall be reflected on a student’s academic transcript while active but will be removed upon successful completion of disciplinary probation. For repeat or egregious violations including sale or provision of alcohol to minors, students may face additional disciplinary sanctions, including suspension from the University. For violations occurring in University housing, students may receive additional housing sanctions. Student organizations face revocation of their University recognition.

The following are situations in which a student will be granted amnesty for violations of the Alcohol Policy:

  • Students in need of emergency medical attention: A student who seeks medical attention or a student for whom medical assistance was sought by another person as a result of the consumption of alcohol and who fully cooperates with emergency responders.
  • Victim of a crime: A student who has been the victim of a crime after consuming alcohol and reports the crime to law enforcement or University officials.
  • Reporting party: A student who has experienced sexual violence, interpersonal violence, or other violation of the Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment and Related Misconduct.
  • Caller or support person: A student, who calls on behalf of or accompanies an impaired individual, remains with that individual until assistance arrives and fully cooperates with emergency responders.

The University’s Office of Human Resources offers many work-life and wellness trainings to help employees manage stress in healthy ways. Courses include Resiliency: Bouncing Back After a Setback and Stress: A Way of Life or a Fact of Life. A full list of courses is available in the Office of Human Resources training catalog and additional resources for employee wellness are listed on the events calendar.

For students, the University offers a full continuum of education, skill-building and intervention supports, along with regular alcohol and drug free programming to encourage students to have fun safely. All incoming new students are expected to complete Part One of EVERFI’s AlcoholEdu online module prior to arriving on campus. Once on campus, students can participate in Alcohol 101, a workshop designed to educate student organizations on the risks to self, others and community that are associated with alcohol use as well as effective harm reduction strategies if students choose to use alcohol. They can also engage with Carolina After Dark (CAD). CAD events all take place after 9 p.m. on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights and they must be alcohol free. Registered student groups can apply for CAD grants to support these events. More information about these programs can be found on the Student Wellness website.

UNC Police partners with Carolina Housing to offer the Alcohol Awareness program. This program brings information to students about the environment of alcohol consumption on a college campus. This program provides information on understanding the physiological effects of overconsumption, impaired driving and also provides students with the opportunity to explore the social norms that drive alcohol consumption in a college environment. UNC Police also offers Operation Medicine Drop. Utilizing partnerships with the SBI and Federal Drug Enforcement Administration, this program allows individuals to drop off expired or unnecessary medications with UNC Police for proper disposal on a “no questions asked” basis.

There is help available for those who seek it. Student Wellness provides the BASICS program on a referral basis for students who violate the student alcohol policy, or on a self-referral basis, for any student who may be questioning their alcohol use patterns. Additionally, Student Wellness provides referral assistance to students and their families for local substance abuse counselors, Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOPs) and Inpatient Treatment Programs. Student Wellness also offers mentorship and social support for students in recovery from substance abuse through the Carolina Recovery Community. They can be accessed by calling 919-962-9355.

Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) offers clinical assessments, brief counseling and referrals for students seeking help for substance abuse problems. They can be accessed by calling 919-966-3658.

The UNC Health Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program offers clinical assessments, comprehensive DUI services, intensive outpatient counseling and group support. They can be accessed by calling 984-974-6320.

The University’s Employee Assistance Program (EAP) provides assessment, referrals and online EAP resources for employees and their family members. Local community mental health agencies and personal physicians can identify treatment resources and information, and assistance is also available from local chapters of Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. They can be accessed by calling 877-314-5841 (24 hours a day).

Information on Health Risks

Information about the health risks associated with drug abuse and the misuse of alcohol is available from Campus Health. As the federal Drug Free Schools and Communities Amendments of 1989 require, included below is a description of the health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and misuse of alcohol, a summary of applicable legal sanctions for the unlawful possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol, and a summary of the University’s minimum sanctions for unlawful possession, use or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students or employees on University property or as a part of any University activity.

Illegal drugs and alcohol not only pose serious health risks to those who use them, but state and federal criminal penalties for possession, sale, trafficking and illegal interstate transportation also are severe. University disciplinary sanctions for the possession and sale of illegal drugs and alcohol can result in disruption or termination of University education or employment. More detailed information for a selected list of substances follows:

Alcohol slows down the heart, nervous system and brain and high doses of alcohol can cause someone to stop breathing. Prolonged immoderate use can cause artery disease, heart failure and liver damage including cancer, cirrhosis and hepatitis. Women may develop alcohol-related health problems sooner than men and from drinking less alcohol than men. Because alcohol affects nearly every organ in the body, long-term heavy drinking increases the risk for many serious health problems.

Marijuana has various risks associated with use, whether inhaled or ingested with food. Evidence indicates it can affect brain development in teens and young adults. In the short-term, it causes problems with short term memory and learning, distorts perception (sights and sounds) and causes poor coordination and decision making. It has been known to contain more than 400 chemicals and has 2½ times as much tar as tobacco. Because it decreases concentration and learning abilities, marijuana is particularly detrimental to students.

Research shows that marijuana users experience the same health problems as tobacco smokers, such as bronchitis, emphysema, bronchial asthma and throat and lung cancer; tend to have more chest colds than non-users; and are at greater risk of getting lung infections like pneumonia. Studies show that someone who smokes five joints per day may be taking in as many cancer-causing chemicals as someone who smokes a full pack of cigarettes every day. Other effects include increased heart rate, dryness of the mouth, reddening of the eyes and impaired motor skills. Long term use is associated with depression, anxiety and loss of motivation.

Steroids have side effects ranging from insomnia to death. Using them increases the risk of cancer and cardiovascular, kidney and liver disease. Users may exhibit mood swings that include aggressive, combative behavior and use may cause impotence, sterility, or fetal damage.
Amphetamines can cause acute psychoses and malnutrition. They also can make a user nervous, hyperactive and sleepless and can elevate pulse rate and blood pressure as well as exacerbate symptoms of anxiety.
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug that targets the functioning of the central nervous system. Short term effects include increased wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration, rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, hypothermia, irritability, paranoia, insomnia, confusion, tremors and aggressiveness. Long-term health effects include irreversible damage to blood vessels in the brain, stroke, severe reduction in motor skills with symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s disease, impaired verbal learning, memory impairment and decreased ability to regulate emotions. Many of the long-term effects persist after use of the drug is discontinued.

Both physiologically and psychologically addictive, Barbiturates can cause death in high doses. Infants born to barbiturate users may suffer congenital deformities. Other effects include nausea, dizziness, lethargy, allergic reactions and possible breathing difficulties.

Anyone who uses cocaine – even a first-time user – may have seizures, heart fibrillation and strokes that can result in death. Habitual users experience irritability, paranoia and hallucinations. Use causes tumors, chronic fatigue, dangerous weight loss, sexual impotence and insomnia and affects respiration, blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

An overdose of the psychologically and physiologically addictive drugs, Heroin and Opium, can cause death through suppression of central nervous systems including breathing. Users feel sluggish and fall asleep at inappropriate and dangerous times. Intravenous users risk contracting Hepatitis, HIV/AIDS and other infections.
LSD causes hallucinations, perception distortions and anxiety. Users cannot function normally and are accident-prone. LSD also can cause elevated body temperature and respiration and a rapid heartbeat.
MDMA produces both stimulant and psychedelic effects including increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, nervousness and hyperactivity. Because users may experience feelings of increased confidence, sensitivity, arousal and confusion, use of Ecstasy makes them more vulnerable to crime, especially robbery, sexual assault and other unwanted sexual encounters.
These drugs are chemically similar to heroin and opium. Although they can be safe and effective treatments for pain when prescribed by a doctor and used as directed, they are psychologically and physiologically addictive and overdose and death through misuse is possible. Because of their medical uses, these drugs are frequently manufactured in a time-release (sustained-release, long-acting, extended-release) form. If users circumvent the time-release formulation, they may take a larger dose than intended, overdose and suffer serious complications or death. Combining opioids with alcohol or other drugs significantly increases the risk to life and well-being.
Psilocybin, found in certain mushrooms, causes hallucinations and perception distortions. Users cannot function normally and are accident-prone. This drug also can produce anxiety, elevated body temperature, rapid heartbeat and elevated respiration.
Ritalin (methylphenidate), Concerta, and Adderall are chemically similar to amphetamines. Although they are safe and effective treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder when prescribed by a doctor and used as directed, they are powerful stimulants and can be addictive. Because of their medical uses, these drugs are frequently manufactured in a time-release (sustained-release, long-acting, extended-release) form. If users circumvent the time-release formulation, they may take a larger dose than intended, overdose and suffer complications or death.